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Hydration and Heat Illness

Players need water or other suitable drinks during competition even if they do not feel thirsty to avoid heat-related illnesses, including dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
  1. Children absorb more heat from a hot environment because they have a greater surface area to body-mass ratio than adults. The smaller the child, the faster they absorb heat.
  2. Children and adolescents may have a reduced ability to lose heat through sweating
  3. During prolonged exercise, children and adolescents frequently do not have the physiological drive to drink enough fluids to replenish sweat losses.
  4. Youth athletes may be more easily distracted when they should be resting and rehydrating.
  5. Some youth athletes may be under intense pressure to make a competitive squad and may not want to report feelings of heat distress or take the appropriate amount of time to rehydrate. 

Please click here to read more about Hydration and Heat Illness Guidelines from US Youth Soccer.