Hydration and Heat Illness
Players need water or other suitable drinks during competition even if they do not feel thirsty to avoid heat-related illnesses, including dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Please click here to read more about Hydration and Heat Illness Guidelines from US Youth Soccer
- Children absorb more heat from a hot environment because they have a greater surface area to body-mass ratio than adults. The smaller the child, the faster they absorb heat.
- Children and adolescents may have a reduced ability to lose heat through sweating
- During prolonged exercise, children and adolescents frequently do not have the physiological drive to drink enough fluids to replenish sweat losses.
- Youth athletes may be more easily distracted when they should be resting and rehydrating.
- Some youth athletes may be under intense pressure to make a competitive squad and may not want to report feelings of heat distress or take the appropriate amount of time to rehydrate.